Based on available evidence, children do not appear to be at higher risk for COVID-19 than adult, according to the Centre of disease control and prevention (CDC).

However, they should still take the same steps as adults to protect themselves.

This is a confusing time for children. It is important that you explain to them what is happening locally and globally at a level that is appropriate for their age.
Not attending school, not meeting with friends and peers can be stressful but reassure them that this is temporary are the measures are to keep them safe.

Ministries of Health around the world, such as New Zealand, have recommended the following:

  • Monitor the child mental health and wellbeing. Ensure that they remain active and engaged with school or other educational activities. This should be balanced with time for play. Look out for ”out of character behaviour” such as unusual clinginess or any withdrawn behaviour

  • It is perfectly safe for your child to play outside but limit their contact with children outside your family.

  • Your child will feed off your emotions so make sure you remain calm.

  • Encourage your child to ask questions, and if you don’t have the answer then contact a reliable source to answer their questions.

Much is unknown about transmission of COVID-19 via breast milk. We do not know whether mothers with COVID-19 can transmit the virus via breast milk. However breast milk provides protection against many illnesses. For now the Centre of disease control and prevention (CDC) recommended to continue breastfeeding while taking precautions to avoid spreading the virus to your infant. If you are at high risk, have symptoms, person under investigation and/or with confirmed COVID-19 take steps to avoid spreading the virus to your baby:

  • Wash your hands before touching your baby.

  • Wear a face mask, if possible while feeding at the breast.

  • Wash your hands before touching pump or bottle parts and clean all parts after each use.

The benefits of breast feeding usually outweigh any potential risks of transmission of the virus through breast milk.

We do not currently know if pregnant women are at increased risk of COVID-19, however we do know that pregnant women are at increased risk of developing severe illness with other viral respiratory infections such as influenza. It is always important for pregnant women to protect themselves from illnesses.

Pregnant women should do the same things are the general public to avoid infection and should avoid people who are sick.

Information about the affects COVID 19 on a pregnancy is limited, women who contract the virus seem to deliver early; but the number of these women is too small to make a definitive inference.

If you have any concerns about your child’s health phone your GP.
Make sure as a family you stock up on lots of fresh fruits and vegetables.